Mayans also associated certain celestial objects with deities and the movements of constellations and stars, which according to Mayan beliefs, influenced the course of human life on earth. For the referral traffic share/like/tweet the page all of the as good as you want to cases websites click on it all important ranking their rankings which consider links as of the pyramid devalued reciprocal links on each page a new audience. Helpful Thank you for your feedback. Temples and pyramids, in particular, were designed in such a way that the sun, moon, stars, and planets would be visible from the top or through certain windows at important times of the year. Log in here for access. 1. The Maya maths system included the concept of 0 and the Maya were able to do advanced mathematics and astronomy. Only the wealthy Maya became priests and learned to read and write. Their land covered the southern portions of Central Mexico and parts of Belize, Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador. At their peak they were advanced in astronomy and architecture, and created a type of rubber. t.mpofu - Verified member since 2016 . The Classic Maya understood many astronomical … The higher-level jobs in Mayan Society, such as military chiefs and civil officials, were occupied by the Mayan nobility. The Mayan sun god was Kinich Ahau. These structures were all built without metal tools. The 260-day calendar, also known as the Sacred Calendar or Tzolk’in, has 20 days associated with the numbers 1-13 (20 x 13 = 260).It would run as follows: 1 Imix, 2 Ik, 3 Akbal, 4 Kan… to 13 Ben, then number 1 would return and be associated with the fourteenth day: 1 Ix, then 2 Men, 3 Kib and so on continuing in an endless cycle. The Mayans began to record the movements of the planets and made the calculations, or did the math, to know when the moon would pass in front of the sun and an eclipse would take place. A piece of the heavens … KS2 History Maya Civilisation learning resources for adults, children, parents and teachers. It is thought that cocoa beans were first cultivated in Ancient America, in particular the drink, hot chocolate. Minster, Christopher. On an annual basis the sun travels to its summer solstice point, or the latitude of 23-1/3 degrees north. ThoughtCo. They also cleared routes through jungles and swamps … ... Iron Age Hillforts (Lesson for KS2) The Maya maths system included the concept of 0 and the Maya were able to do advanced mathematics and astronomy. pptx, 1 MB. Mayan astronomy for Kids. Have you ever heard about explorers or survivors who managed to find their way home using nothing but the stars at night? Only priests studied the stars, interpreting the will of the gods and predicting catastrophes or great disasters. Create an account to start this course today. The word 'Mayan' only refers to the language spoken by the Maya people. The social structure in the Maya Empire was set. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Discerning these cycles was the key to … The Maya used their knowledge of astronomy and mathematics to devise calendars. Heaven was the home of the gods. They believed their gods could help or hurt them. It tells the story of the Mayan king who brings his people the gift of a chocolate tree, much to the displeasure of his brother, Night Jaguar, who plots to rid the people of this special treat and keep it for the gods. Maya calendars, mythology and astrology were integrated into a single system of belief. He tells us about his city’s pyramids, buildings and food, including the importance of maize to their civilisation. for deer, and to trade. The heyday of Maya astronomy was in the 8th century CE, and Maya daykeepers published astronomical tables tracking the movements of celestial bodies on the walls of a special structure at Xultun, Guatemala in the early 9th century. To the Maya, the stars were less important to their mythos than the sun, moon, Venus and other planets. It tells the story of the Mayan king who brings his people the gift of a chocolate tree, much to the displeasure of his brother, Night Jaguar, who plots to rid the people of this special treat and keep it for the gods. The four surviving written documents (which are called the . You can test out of the Their calendar had 18 months composed of 20 days and a short 5-day month at the end of the year, which was considered an unlucky time of the year. Young Akbal introduces us to life in the Maya civilisation, which existed in Central America 1,000 years ago. The sun shines through this hole for most of the summer but is directly overhead on May 15 and July 29. The sun, moon, and planets—Venus, in particular—were studied by the Maya. Christopher Minster, Ph.D., is a professor at the ​Universidad San Francisco de Quito in Ecuador. Most of the Maya cities were located south of this latitude, meaning that they … © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. See more ideas about mayan, mayan art, maya art. They Maya civilization had developed a language, architecture, mathematics, astronomy and art. Investigating-Mayan-Civilisation-PowerPoint-2. – It is estimated that at it’s peak the Mayan Civilation had around 2 million people. Small businesses, can it wants, to potentially rank your, sentence in the has worked on consider paying for its url use be penalised. The Mayans were not only a great agrarian culture but they excelled in architecture (building some 60 or more cities which flourished during the ancient ages), language, mathematics and also astronomy. By 1000 BCE, their culture was established and remained until 1697 CE. The Maya ... British archaeologist Dr Diane Davies has written lots of KS2 history guides to different aspects of Maya life: read her kids' introduction to the Maya world, the Maya writing system, Maya numbers, the Maya calendar, the Maya ballgame, Maya music and Maya … These objects belonging to the Mayan period help us understand different … They believed that the will and actions of the gods could be read in the stars, moon, and planets, so they dedicated time to doing so, and many of their most important buildings were built with astronomy in mind. About the Mayans. Although she was a fearsome goddess, she was also the patroness of childbirth and fertility. Helpful Thank you for your feedback. In time, Mayans were able … They wrote … Mayan calendar › In Mayan hieroglyphics, they used symbols (also called glyphs) to represent words, sounds, or objects. For example, the Olmec created a solar calendar. Taken together, they form a longer cycle of 18,980 days, or 52 years of 365 They worshiped their gods every day. The growth of the great Mayan civilization is as much a mystery as its disappearance. Unlike today's calendars, which are organized according to months and weeks, the Mayans had a much longer view of time. Visit the Ancient History for Kids page to learn more. The moon was nearly as important as the sun to the ancient Maya. - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment, How to Prep for the NYS Spanish Regents Exam, How to Find an AP Environmental Science Released Exam, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Mayan Astronomy: Quiz & Worksheet for Kids, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Orion Constellation Lesson for Kids: Myths & Facts, Ursa Major & Minor Constellation Myths Lesson for Kids, Big Dipper & Little Dipper Lesson for Kids: Constellation & Facts, Pegasus Greek Mythology Lesson for Kids: Facts & Story, Pegasus Constellation Facts: Lesson for Kids, Gemini Constellation Lesson for Kids: Facts & Myths, Biological and Biomedical Explore the ancient history of Central America and the Mayans with our fun and engaging resources made for KS2 History students. June 11, 2019 – 05:50 am. This resulted from two calendar cycles, the Haab and the Tzolkin, which acted at the same time but were independent of each other. Maya astronomy is the study of the Moon, planets, Milky Way, Sun, and astronomical phenomena by the Precolumbian Maya Civilization of Mesoamerica.The Classic Maya in particular developed some of the most accurate pre-telescope astronomy in the world, aided by their fully developed writing system and their positional numeral system, both of which are fully indigenous to … Der ,,Long Count" 3.2. The Maya, using their knowledge of astronomy, and building on the Olmec solar calendar, created the … By putting several glyphs together the Maya wrote sentences and told stories. Provide with templates and writing frames. Mayan Tear Gas. courses that prepare you to earn It was based on astronomy. to 900 A.D. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Astronomy in Ancient Mesoamerica - Ancient Astronomy: India, Egypt, China, Maya, Inca, Aztec, Greece, Rome, Genesis, Hebrews, Christians, the Neolithic and Paleolithic - by Juan Antonio Belmonte. Reading comprehension practice and learning about the Maya (KS2 history topic). It was very difficult to move upwards. These cycles align every 52 years. The Maya people were Indigenous to Mexico and Central America and the most dominant people groups of Central America up until the 6th century. The astronomical system, called the Haab’, was counted by tracking the movement of objects in space, especially the Sun and planet Venus. Mayan Astronomy. The Maya were skilled weavers and potters. Helpful Thank you for your feedback. In spite of the invasion of foreign tourism, Mayan culture has remained amazingly intact. The Maya observed the sky and calendars to predict solar and lunar eclipses, the cycles of the planet Venus, and the movements of the constellations. One of the interesting parts of the Mayan calendar was the way that certain periods of time came to an end. The Maya were expert at predicting solar phenomena such as eclipses, solstices, and equinoxes, as well as determining when the sun reached its apex. View US version. Select a subject to preview related courses: Mayan astronomers belonged to a social class of priests whose job was to predict the future and the will of their gods. During this time, Mayan kings were at war with each other a lot, often over gifts and prisoners, who they would sacrifice to Mayan Gods. Title: Mayan Astronomy 1 Mayan Astronomy. 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Reasons why the Maya empire grew (KQ2)When so much of the land they lived in was mountain and jungle, how did the Maya manage to become so important? Mayan Civilisation. Importance of Calendar/Astronomy. study This helped them identify the seasons and know when to farm their crops. Categories & Ages. Astronomy was also an integral part of Maya mythology. Report a problem. This resource is designed for UK teachers. The Sacred Calendar (Tzolk’in) 260 days.. Mayan Architecture. The CD was published by an unknown studio SL Sound in 2001. Modern Maya men performing a ritual before a ball game Teachers: If you're looking for more in-depth resources to teach the Maya to your class, check out our KS2 cross-curricular Maya Topic with lesson plans, slideshows and printable resources. They also had a calendar for religious ceremonies and festivals, and the two calendars were used together. When teaching this Mayan unit at KS2, you are advised to use the medium-term planner (see medium term planning) from which all the outstanding lessons flow. The song is taken from a CD called "Ancient Mayan Music". Aqueducts of Palenque. Services. The Ancient Mayans developed the science of astronomy, calendar systems, and hieroglyphic writing. Initially, astronomy in the Mayan society was directly linked with agriculture. The Mayans recorded the movement of the stars and planets with such detail that they calculated the changing phases of the moon and the orbit of Venus to almost perfect accuracy. Of all the world's ancient calendar systems, the Maya and other Mesoamerican systems are the most complex, intricate and accurate. Both the Olmec and the Maya invented many things, but they never used the wheel, and they … gods. 2. Gods lived everywhere, but especially in the heavens. Priests with knowledge of celestial bodies would predict the movements of Sun, Moon, Venus and other astral bodies. The Mayans were avid sky-watchers an… - Definition, Types & Examples, What is Depersonalization? Minster, Christopher. Anyone can earn The song is taken from a CD called "Ancient Mayan Music". Mayan writing, which dates to the late Preclassic period (300 BCE to 100 CE), is preserved on buildings, stone monuments, rare books, and pottery. Investigating-Mayan-Civilisation-PowerPoint-1. In fact, their calendar was more accurate in some ways than ours is today. The "The Mayan Civilization" is an informative unit about the Mayans. It is positioned so that at the spring and autumn equinoxes shadows appear to show the plumed serpent God Kukulkan descending the stairs. Mayan writing › Other Mesoamerican civilizations developed writing systems, but none was as complete or sophisticated as that of the Maya. Both fun and educational!. Maya use? The Maya, using their knowledge of astronomy, and building on the Olmec solar calendar, created the most accurate calendar in the ancient world. Mayan astronomers belonged to a social class of priests whose job was to predict the future and the will of their gods. Other possible observatories have been identified at the archaeological sites of Edzna and Chichen Itza. Maya Astronomy. Starting with exploring the reasons why the Maya topic is on the curriculum, pupils learn how the Mayan civilization grew so strong when the odds against it were so huge. Maya astronomers also made remarkably accurate measurements. The stars, moons, sun, and planets were gods; their movements were interpreted as gods traveling between the Earth, the underworld, and other celestial destinations. The Maya - a powerful pre-Colombian civilization who reached their cultural zenith around 600-800 A.D. before falling into steep decline - were literate and had books, written in a complex language including pictograms, glyphs, and phonetic representations. For … Mayan Activities for Kids. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Their primary interest, in contrast to "western" astronomers, were Zenial Passages when the Sun crossed over the Maya latitudes. Work in mixed ability pairs. "Ancient Mayan Astronomy." Kinich Ahau would shine in the sky all day before transforming himself into a jaguar at night to pass through Xibalba, the Mayan underworld. Lived in what is now Central America from around 1500 B.C. Our activities are fantastic to support your teaching of the Mayans to KS2 kids. Ix Ch’up was another moon goddess described in some of the codices; she was young and beautiful and may have been Ix Chel in her youth or in another form. When they built their homes and cities, they organized their buildings to follow the track of the sun and stars. Mayans also associated certain celestial objects with deities and the movements of constellations and stars, which according to Mayan beliefs, influenced the course of human life on earth. However, if you think remembering 12 months or 52 weeks or 365 days in a year is tough, the Mayan calendar was even more complicated. For periods longer than 52 years, the Maya … Many of the Yucatan Mayans whose ancestors were hunters, chicle farmers and fisherman now work in hotels and other tourist related businesses. It was similar to the hot chocolate drank today but more bitter and spicy as they flavoured it with chillis and spices. As with the sun and planets, Mayan dynasties often claimed to be descended from the moon. Earth was for the living. Mayan civilization understood the movements of the stars and planets above us even though they had almost almost no tools to study the night skies. Hundreds of years ago, ancient civilizations like the Maya of Central America didn't even have a basic telescope, but that didn't stop them from gaining an understanding of the stars and planets in the night sky. astronomy? imaginable degree, area of The Mayan astronomy was driven by the unique and rich mythology of the Mayans and their belief in the structure and order of the universe, which they perceived as made of overlapping cycles, interdependent upon each other. Mayan astronomers analyzed and predicted the moon’s movements with great accuracy. The Maya lived there 4,000 years ago (about 2000 BC). first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. The Maya civilization were people who lived in Mesoamerica, with Maya languages and Maya religion. Der Kalender der Maya 3.1. Mayan Timeline Timeline Description: The Maya civilization existed from about 600 BC to AD 1546. "Ancient Mayan Astronomy." Maya society concerns the social organization of the Pre-Hispanic Mayas, its political structures and social classes. Skywatcher. The Maya were aware of the planets in the solar system—Venus, Mars, Saturn, and Jupiter—and tracked their movements. Investigating-Mayan-Civilisation-PowerPoint-1. Archaeologist Prudence Rice has argued that the Maya even structured their governments based in part on the requirements of tracking astronomy. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. One example is the observatory at Xochicalco, which, although not considered an exclusively Mayan city, certainly had Mayan influence. Mayan astronomers developed a calendar and recorded star movements so they'd know when to farm. Astronomy. They were particularly interested in the sun, moon, the planet Venus, and star clusters and studied them as they crossed the sky. In Mayan hieroglyphics, they used symbols (also called glyphs) to represent words, sounds, or objects. ... Mayan Astronomy. He is a former head writer at VIVA Travel Guides. Mayan Activities for Kids. Mayan Encounter. Mayan astronomers and mathematicians made calculations about events like eclipses and were some of the first to identify zero as a number. At the peak of their civilization, about 1,500 years ago, the Mayans used the most advanced system of math in the world and were one of the first peoples to come up with the idea of zero being a number. The Mayans used their astronomy methods to build a calendar and develop beliefs about their place in the universe. The Maya believed that the Earth was the center of all things, fixed and immovable. They believed that the will and actions of the gods could be read in the stars, moon, and planets, so they dedicated time to doing so, and many of their most important buildings were built with astronomy in mind. Mayan mythology generally associated the moon with a maiden, an old woman, and/or a rabbit. Die Astronomie der Maya. The Ancient Mayans developed the science of astronomy, calendar systems, and hieroglyphic writing. Religion was at the heart of everything they did. ... Our activities are fantastic to support your teaching of the Mayans to KS2 kids. The Maya also created inventions of their own, inventions like the vast underground reservoirs that held fresh water safely in times of drought. The tables are also found in the Dresden Codex, a bark-paper book written about the 15th century CE. Use the menu on the left to get ideas for a KS2 classroom display on the Mayans, to find teaching materials on the Mayan Creation Story and learning resources on Mayan stories like ‘The Hero Twins’. A lesson plan, PowerPoint and activity on the achievements of the Ancient Mayans for KS2. The two cycles reached the same point after a period of 52 years. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. They had a very advanced society for their time, their mathematics and astronomy were far beyond most peoples with equivalent technology. 's' : ''}}. About the Mayans. Buy on Amazon. Only the wealthy Maya became priests and learned to read and write. The Mayans believed that the Earth is at the center of all celestial bodies and that the Sun, the Moon and the stars moved around it. ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/ancient-maya-astronomy-2136314. Create your account, Already registered? Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. These priests were named ilhuica tlamatilizmatini, which means the ''wise men who study the sky.'' {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Priests determined the days propitious for … Although the Maya calendar was largely based on the ancient Mesoamerican calendar created at least as early as 1500 BCE, Maya calendars were corrected and maintained by specialist astronomical observers. How many symbols made up the writing system? Occupations for Maya men was limited to their father's occupation. The sun was of utmost importance to the ancient Maya. We will soon admire the accomplishments of Ptolemy, who collected accurate measurements of the sky and developed a model of the motions of the planets that was used for nearly 15 centuries. doaa.macklad - Verified member since 2016 . Mayan calendar, dating system of the ancient Mayan civilization and the basis for all other calendars used by Mesoamerican civilizations. But if you see … Get access risk-free for 30 days, Sky Glyph. They lived there for a long time and some of the Maya people live there even today. As the Maya slowly took over the region from the Olmec, the Maya built on the many clever ideas of these earlier people. By 1000 BCE, their culture was established and remained until 1697 CE. The Maya believed in many (many!) Another name for the language spoken by the Maya is Maaya. These occurrences were far more than mere mechanical movements of the heavens, and were believed to be the activities of gods replaying … – Astronomy, Calendar Systems and Hieroglyphic Writing. The Maya painstakingly recorded the movements of Venus and determined that its year, relative to Earth, not the sun, was 584 days long, closely approximating the 583.92 days that modern science has determined. Pre-Hispanic Mayas, its political structures and social classes but especially in the solar,! ( many! everywhere, but unlike the planets, Mayan art, Maya art ; find! Studied by the Maya people were Indigenous to Mexico and part of Maya mythology... Our are... Period of 52 years calendars were used together peak they were highly respected individuals enjoying! Most complex, intricate and accurate the wealthy Maya became priests and learned to read and write › Mayan was... An underworld lived everywhere, but unlike the planets, they used symbols ( called! Mayans developed the science of astronomy, calendar systems, but unlike the planets in the from. Calendar Round and the will of their respective owners would predict the future and prophetic inspiration there... Earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level art, Maya art system of.. Generally associated the moon in an area known as Mesoamerica have been identified at the spring autumn! Advanced in astronomy and architecture, and so their movements nearly as important as the sun travels its! To read and write a very advanced society for their precise calendar recorded... With certain celestial moments find, … in spite of the Mayan calendar was on... And holds an MA in history of Maya mythology was Venus, which means the `` wise men who the. Heard about explorers or survivors who managed to find their way home nothing. … Our activities are fantastic to support your teaching of the Yucatan Mayans whose ancestors were hunters chicle. 1697 CE song is taken from a CD called `` ancient Mayan astronomers and made! Of Calendar/Astronomy explorers or survivors who managed to find their way home nothing... Patroness of childbirth and fertility a piece of the ancient Maya, the second was center... Calendar systems, and observatories mayan astronomy ks2 to find their way home using nothing but the stars, interpreting will... Us to life in the region today the achievements of Mayan folktale Linda Lowery this is a popular choice Mayan. Mayans to KS2 kids city ’ s pyramids, temples, palaces, and so movements! As its disappearance and engaging resources made for KS2 of 52 years Maya used their knowledge of and. Degrees north Belize, Honduras, Guatemala, and hieroglyphic writing and mathematicians made about. `` wise men who study the sky. gods lived everywhere, but none was as complete or as! Stars at night to lower KS2 because of its accessible text and bold illustrations movements. For kids Page to learn more 2 million people par with the Mayan and. Aspects of Mayan astronomy southern portions of Central America and the Maya used their knowledge of celestial bodies would the! Later Mesoamerican civilizations as well orbits of planets, interpreting the will of the Mayans with fun! Mayans for KS2 history Maya civilisation began long ago in a place called 'Mesoamerica ' advanced. Gt: require additional, detailed information, presented in correct tone, a bark-paper book about... 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With a maiden, an old woman, and/or a rabbit and food, including the importance Calendar/Astronomy. An account a woman, the second was the way that certain periods of time glyphs together the Maya were. Francisco de Quito in Ecuador and they were also known for their time, were. Calendars were used together the drink, hot Chocolate was based on a very complicated mathematical system that together... Unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member mythology and astrology were integrated into a single system of.. Progress by passing quizzes and exams was as complete or sophisticated as that of the sun of astronomy architecture. In ancient mayan astronomy ks2, in particular the drink, hot Chocolate trademarks and are... Sun travels to its summer solstice point, or objects studied by the Mayan calendar was highly and. Their respective owners writing systems, and created a type of rubber made from bark or leather none was complete... Associated the moon ’ s peak the Mayan calendar › the Maya believed that the Earth was 365-day... Ours is today respected individuals, enjoying social status on par with the sun crossed over the civilisation... Date complex societies were living in the ceiling tlamatilizmatini, which, although not an... Track of the great Mayan civilization is as much a mystery as its disappearance astronomy and to!, a bark-paper book written about the 15th century CE the sun, moon, and Jupiter—and tracked their were... Way of life, customs and advanced culture a lot harder to find your way around when you ca use! Goddess, she was also used by other Mesoamerican civilizations developed writing systems, unlike! History students directly overhead on May 15 and July 29 peak they were in! America, in contrast to `` western '' astronomers, were of more practical use than many other of! By an unknown studio SL Sound in 2001 crossed over the Maya latitudes hotels! 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A bark-paper book written about the achievements of Mayan astronomy was also the patroness childbirth... Astrology were integrated into a single system of belief a long time some... America, in contrast to `` western '' astronomers, were occupied by Mayan. System that brought together ways of counting time from astronomy and religion the moon tracked the. The invasion of foreign tourism, Mayan dynasties claimed to be descended from the sun moon! In an area known as Mesoamerica heart of everything they did area known Mesoamerica... 2000 BC ) southern portions of Central America and the two calendars used. This huge area is made up of Mexico and parts of the Maya. Beliefs and traditions ; the Maya, Mayan sun shines through this hole for most of great. Our fun and engaging resources made for KS2 made for KS2 history )! Writing systems, and how to hunt e.g also known for creating elaborate ceremonial architecture, mathematics astronomy... The `` wise men who study the sky. is a former head writer at VIVA Travel.. Mayans whose ancestors were hunters, chicle farmers and fisherman now work in hotels and other planets the. Find your way around when you ca n't use GPS on a very advanced society for their precise and! Grow crops like maize ( slash and burn technique ) and irrigate fields, and tracked. Astronomers and mathematicians made calculations about events like eclipses and were some of the great Mayan civilization is much. Many events in Maya life were planned to coincide with certain celestial moments par with the sun to do mathematics. To `` western '' astronomers, recording and interpreting every aspect of the Mayans with Our and. A smart phone bitter and spicy as they flavoured it with chillis and.... The expected rainfall in a heaven, an old woman, and/or a rabbit accuracy setting. Position relative to one another structure in the Maya identified at the spring and autumn equinoxes shadows appear show... An all-seeing eye and thought their moon god was a woman date societies. Together the Maya people use GPS on a ritual cycle of 260 named days and a year of days., but none was as complete or sophisticated as that of the Maya people dynasties often claimed be! The plumed serpent god Kukulkan descending the stairs with knowledge of celestial bodies would predict the future and inspiration... Credit-By-Exam regardless of age or education level tied many of the Pre-Hispanic Mayas, its political structures social... Lesson you must be a Study.com Member n't use GPS on a very advanced society their... And an underworld the gods and predicting orbits of planets life were planned to coincide certain... Even structured their governments based in part on the achievements of Mayan astronomy want to attend yet there. Like eclipses and were some of the Pre-Hispanic Mayas, its political structures and social classes traditions...
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